LAST UPDATED: February 3, 2021
Hands-On Review: The Best Garage Heaters to Let You Wrench All Winter
Get a garage heater before winter freezes you out of your garage
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PUBLISHED ON February 3, 2021
Freezing temperatures and short days can put a damper on wrenching, but a garage heater can keep the project fire burning all year round. Finding the best garage heater starts and ends with the size of your garage and where you live. One gearhead’s insulated garage in Kentucky is another’s drafty old pole barn in the California Sierra Foothills. Each requires a different type and size heater to bring the temperature up to a comfortable level for year-round quality shop time.
Calculating how much heater you’ll need depends first on your garage’s size, type, insulation, and location. The next consideration is what type of fuel hits the trifecta of cost, availability, and efficiency.
What works in our Science Barn might not work for you, so we tested several space heaters in various configurations. Read on and find out which type of heater is the best for your garage and how we found a new favorite portable powerhouse.
A portable radiant heat powerhouse with three infrared heat output settings and lockable caster wheels.
- No electricity required
- Rugged steel housing
- Built-in ignition and pilot light
- Uses standard 25-pound propane tank
- Nearly silent operation
- Wheels work best on smooth surfaces
- Combustion heaters produce carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide
Classic and reliable torpedo heater design with multi-fuel flexibility, high heat output, and modern safety features.
- Rugged steel construction
- Can run on a variety of readily available fuels, from kerosene to jet fuel
- Can be moved where heat is needed
- Loud roar
- Can cause moisture issues
- Requires outside air for safe operation
A contemporary take on a traditional wood-burning stove that uses compressed wood pellet fuel to create heat.
- Renewable fuel source
- Convection heat from onboard blower fan
- Fully automatic starting and operation
- Can be used with a thermostat
- Expensive to purchase — and operate
- Stovepipe not included
- Wood pellet fuel quality varies
- Long-term maintenance costs
Why Trust Us
All of our reviews are based on market research, expert input, or practical experience with most products we include. This way, we offer genuine, accurate guides to help you find the best picks.
About Our Garage Heaters Review and Roundup
New Englanders don’t dare rely on a single heat source in the home or the garage. Two heat sources and a backup is a good plan. We’ve tried more than a few heaters over the years, and this review features a mix of long used and recently acquired garage heaters in a variety of types and fuel sources. Mr. Heater bestowed us with Ambassador status and sent a few test units for evaluation. Even though electric resistance heat is not cost-effective, we picked up a few smaller 1.5kw electric heaters for comparison.
Two things that you should have in any garage, especially when you're using a combustion fueled garage heater, are a carbon monoxide and smoke detector and a full complement of fire extinguishers. That said, finding the best garage heater hinges on a reasonably accurate calculation of how many BTU (British Thermal Units) you’ll need to turn a cold garage into a warm garage. It’s easy to convert BTU into kilowatt-hours, cords of firewood, or cold fusion reactor output afterward.
How Many BTU Will it Take to Heat My Garage?
For a rough estimate, figure on about 30-35 BTU per square foot for southern climates and 55-60 BTU per square foot for colder, northern regions. Using total cubic feet, desired garage temperature, and insulation level together makes for a more accurate number. Start with volume. Bust out the tape measure and multiply your garage’s width by its length to figure its total square feet. Multiply that number by the highest point in the ceiling for total cubic feet.
Next up is figuring your desired inside temperature vs. the outside temp. Warming a garage to 65 degrees from a winter freeze demands more BTU than just taking the chill out of a crisp spring morning.
Insulation is the last and most important factor. If your insulation won’t keep the heat inside or the cold out, you’re going to need more BTU. Rate your insulation from nonexistent (metal shed on a cement slab) to excellent (fully framed and insulated construction with raised floor) and factor that into your choice.
The Science Barn numbers worked out to 14,400 cubic feet, a temperature increase of 30 degrees (wishful thinking — ed.), and poor to nonexistent insulation. We plugged the numbers into six different online calculators and came up with wildly different BTU figures. We had estimates from over a million BTU (yikes!) to as low as 32,000. That’s why factors like insulation, flooring, and ceiling height are so important.
All six online calculations averaged and rounded down worked out to about 460,000 BTU. So we’ll go with that for our garage heaters review but remember: There are a lot of online BTU estimators, but your needs will vary depending on the space you’re heating and where it's located.
Benefits of Garage Heaters
- 4-Season Wrenching. Taking time out for projects or hobbies is more crucial than ever, and a garage heater makes year-round enjoyment. Even a small 10-degree temperature increase can make a big difference in comfort.
- Climate Control. A permanently installed garage heater and thermostat can maintain constant temperature and humidity levels. Rapid temperature swings, excessive moisture, and repeated freeze-thaw cycles can damage valuable stored cars.
Types of Garage Heaters
Garage heaters use different fuels or configurations, but they fall into two types: convection and radiant. Convection heaters warm up the air; radiant heaters warm up surrounding objects. A steam radiator throws off a small amount of direct heat but primarily heats by convection. Radiant floor heating might warm up the garage floor a little — but it’s the convection that heats the surrounding air and keeps the room warm.
Convection heaters warm the air inside the building. Hot air rising from the heater creates a convection current that draws cold air through the bottom of the heater. Passive convection heaters may produce a little radiant heat, but the main advantage is quiet operation. Forced-air convection heaters speed up the process with a fan that draws in cold air in blasts out heat. Quick ramp-up and high BTU output make forced-air heaters a popular choice for shops and garages, but the combination of electric fans and combustion can sound like a J79 jet engine.
These heaters may also be called infrared and are available in permanent and portable styles. Radiant heaters are great for larger garages because they throw heat at you without having to heat up 15,000 cubic feet of frigid air around you. Portable propane tank top, reflective electric, infrared, and kerosene radiant heaters can quickly move with you for instant warmth. Permanent wall mount radiant heaters clear out floor space, and some come with blower fans for the best of both worlds. Hybrid units like our Mr. Heater kerosene-fueled radiant forced air heater take the combination approach.
Types of Garage Heater Fuel
Fuel cost and availability are essential factors in finding and running the best garage heater. We gathered up BTU figures for garage heater fuels from the United States Department of Energy and other sources, so use these for your calculations and run the numbers against your local fuel and utility rates for the total cost involved in warming up a cold garage. Wood BTU output will vary.
- One kilowatt-hour of electricity = 3,412 BTU
- One gallon of kerosene = 131,890 BTU
- One gallon of diesel fuel or home heating oil = 137,381 BTU
- One cubic foot of natural gas = 1,037 BTU
- One gallon propane = 91,452 BTU
- One pound of propane = 21,591 BTU
- One gallon of liquified natural gas = 82,000 BTU
- One pound liquified natural gas = 21,040 BTU
- One cord of firewood = 20,000,000 BTU
- One 40-pound bag of wood pellets = 320,000 BTU
- Permanent or Portable: Which setup is best for you depends on your garage layout, required BTU power, and how often you plan on wrenching in cold weather. Installing a permanent or stationary system can cost more initially, but deliver more long-term quality heat. Portables are great for occasional weekend garage excursions and spot heating.
Garage Heater Pricing
- Up to $100. Smaller electric space heaters in the 1-3kw range, some gas or kerosene portables, tank tops, and small radiant units fall into this category. Don’t expect anything more than direct personal heat.
- $100-300. More money brings more heating power with mid-range and high-output portables and some permanent shop heaters. Look for off-season closeouts in spring and summer to get the best deals on quality units.
- $300 and up. Now we’re talking. High-output portables that pack a fireball heating punch and even more powerful permanent installations as the numbers climb. Low-cost heaters with high operational fuel costs also belong here.
Best Garage Heaters Reviews & Recommendations 2021
Portability, power, and propane earned the Mr. Heater radiant cabinet heater our best overall garage heater choice. Despite FedEx’s best efforts, the heater arrived mostly intact.
The cabinet heater’s best feature is that it carries around a standard, 20-pound propane tank in its butt. Load up a tank, connect the regulator, fix the safety strap, and the heater is ready to roll. After a quick purge of the lines, we lit up the pilot with the built-in piezo ignitor and fired it up.
The wheeled wonder has three heat settings and throws out a good 6- to 8-foot swath of comforting radiant heat on high at about the same level of a four-log campfire. A standard 20-pound propane tank is good for 24 hours of 18,000 BTU output at maximum heat and 72 hours on the low 6000 BTU setting. Onboard low-oxygen and tip-over shut-off protection make for safer operation.
Mr. Heater Jr. runs clean and odor-free, nearly silent, and does not need electricity. Locking casters make it easy to roll and secure the heater anywhere in the garage for 450 square feet of sun-like infrared comfort.
This multi-fuel powerhouse has never let us down. The forced air torpedo was ready to run right out of the box, and the time-proven design is reliable, effective, and 98 percent efficient. Built for construction, auto shops, and professional garage applications, the Dyna-Glo Delux can run on K1 kerosene, diesel, heating oil, and even JP-8 jet fuel. Ultra-low sulfur K1 kerosene is recommended, and that’s what we poured into the tank.
Firing up 80,000 BTU of directional heating power is as easy as tanking up, plugging in, flipping a toggle switch, and turning the thermostat dial to the target temperature. A fuel gauge with the quantity remaining and run time scale indicates the 5-gallon tank is good for 9 hours. The run-time figure is optimistic, but the heater definitely lives up to its 1900 square feet rating. The thermostat automatically turns the heater off when it hits the temperature target and fires it back up to maintain comfort.
All steel construction, a flameout sensor, and an overheat auto shut-off valve make for safe operation. While the heater is for outdoor and indoor use, it needs fresh air for safety. The Dyna-Glo and other torpedo heaters are anything but quiet but deliver reliable point-and-heat power at an excellent price.
Full Disclosure: The pellet stove shown here is our personal garage heater, a discontinued Breckwell Big E model rated for approximately 50,000 BTU and 80 percent efficiency. It served for many years in a dining room before its current Science Barn assignment. Newer wood pellet stoves like the excellent Pelpro PP-130 are more fuel-efficient and hit the same output with less fuel.
Unlike a conventional wood-burning stove, the pellet stove is primarily a convection heater and requires electricity. An electric motor and auger feed pellets into the firebox, and an ignitor starts the fire. One more electric motor creates a draft, and another runs a room fan that blows heat into the air. When all these motors and augers and pellets and electronic sensors work together, wood pellet stoves crank out an impressive amount of heat.
Renewable fuel and high efficiency make a wood pellet stove an excellent option for home and garage use, but installation and maintenance costs can add up. In a perfect world, lumber and furniture industry byproducts like hardwood sawdust are compressed into wood pellets for heat from an otherwise wasted resource.
In reality, wood pellet fuel sources and quality vary wildly, and maintenance issues start once one or more electric motor bearings wear out, usually after a few years. Replacement motors can be expensive but relatively easy to remove and replace.
It might look like a rotund version of an old-school torpedo heater like you see on a football sideline, but this multi-fuel hybrid brings the quickness of forced air convection together with the warming comfort of direct radiant heat.
Unboxing and assembling the heater was a matter of a few screws and a couple of minutes. Flip over the front packing if you’re wondering where the hardware and shield is. The tank holds 2.75 gallons of fuel with a potential 5-hour run time at a maximum of 70,000 BTU output. K1 Kerosene is recommended, but the heater can run on diesel, home heating oil, and even JP8 jet fuel.
We topped off the tank with K1, plugged it in, and hit the power button. The LED readout first displays ambient temperature, and turning the dial sets the target temperature. The heater fired after the fuel pump primed up and settled into a far quieter roar than a conventional torpedo. Convection heat ramped up first, and after a few minutes, the large metal disc at the outlet glowed orange-red and created an impressive amount of localized radiant heat.
Turning the thermostat counter-clockwise to its lowest setting starts an automatic three-minute cooldown cycle, but we noticed it would not initiate unless the ambient temperature was above 40-degrees — the lowest setting.
Excessive moisture is a concern with most multi-fuel oil forced air oil burners, and outside air is required for safety. Do not operate this heater in enclosed spaces. Two kinds of heat are definitely better than one, and the alliance of convection and radiant heat is a powerful force against winter cold. But because it requires ventilation to operate safely, it wasn’t the best choice for our New England garage.
There’s nothing new about wick-style upright kerosene heaters. They burn clean enough for indoor use if properly maintained and fueled, do not require electricity, and churn out a ton of heat through the miracle of convection. The design is simplicity itself. A circular wick transfers kerosene from the tank up to the combustion chamber, and the heater is 99 percent efficient on K1 kerosene. Fuel quality is vital for peak performance and prevents wick damage from carbon buildup. Lighting the fire takes a few seconds, and a full tank can deliver over 10 hours of comforting heat.
Another full disclosure: The Dyna-Glo kerosene heater shown here is about ten years old. In a classic case of “it’s not broke, don’t fix it,” the brand-new ones haven’t changed all that much. Other than a new wick and failure of a built-in igniter that never worked right in the first place, the classic canister works great. It not only teams with our wood pellet heater to keep the fire burning out in the Science Barn, but it doubles as our emergency backup heater for the house.
Store-bought K1 kerosene can be a little pricey, but we’ve run K1 right from the local fuel station without a hitch. Ultra-low sulfur K1 at the pump is dyed red to prevent scofflaws from tanking up with tax-free transportation fuel. Low maintenance and quiet operation have made classic uprights a safe and effective choice since the late 1800s.
If propane and propane accessories are your thing, then the MASTER 125,000 BTU forced air heater is the answer to outdoor and semi-indoor heat in a hurry. The heat comes on strong and quick, and the built-in fan forces 400 cubic feet of air per minute for powerful convection.
Also known as a salamander, this propane torpedo heater features an automatic start, rotary heat dial, and comes complete with a hose and regulator. Most salamander heaters need a 120V power source, so plan on wrestling with a fuel supply hose and an electric extension cord when considering a propane torpedo.
Propane torpedoes or permanent installations are an excellent choice if you have a large supply tank for home heating — but keep in mind this unit requires a 100-pound tank for consistent operation. It’s not recommended for use with standard 20-pound barbecue tanks (and the heat wouldn’t last very long, anyway).
Any forced air torpedo makes a racket. While the fan and propane combustion combination is a little quieter than an oil burner, the continuous ignition makes the Master crackle like a giant spark plug. We shelved this unit as a backup, but not for a lack of heat. The snake pit of extension cords, air hoses, and gas lines was unwieldy.
Electric Garage Heaters Test
Electric garage heaters are a safe and efficient choice for some garages, but a terrible idea for our Science Barn. Most electric heaters that pack enough power to heat our garage require a 240V outlet on at least a 30AMP circuit, and the 460,000 BTU needed to bring the Science Barn up 30 degrees works out to about 133,400 watts. Our wiring wouldn’t handle it and even if it could, the grid might not. We’d be run out of town.
The show must go on, so we picked up a few 1.5kw electric heaters for testing. Leaving out losses at the power generation source, an electric resistance heater is 100 percent efficient. What that means is all 1.5kw watt electric heaters should produce the same amount of heat. That said, it would take almost ninety 1.5kw heaters to warm up the Science Barn. Be skeptical of glowing recommendations for low wattage garage heaters.
We set the heaters up on a 600-cubic-foot enclosed porch. We ran each one for an hour from a 45-degree inside temperature starting point. The outside temperature varied from 33 to 35 degrees Fahrenheit. At the end of each hour, we recorded the inside temperature on the porch and aimed an infrared thermometer at the heater outlet.
Our results confirmed that 100 percent electric heater efficiency claim — and explained why some winter garage mechanics swear by electric heaters, while others swear at them. The smallest electric heater seemed like it was blowing hotter than the largest unit but at the end of the hour, the temperatures were essentially the same. Our electric heater testing lineup is shown below and the results run from left to right.
Best Mid-Size 1500w Electric Heater: Comfort Zone PowerGear Portable Ceramic Utility Heater
Comfort Zone packaged its 1500-watt ceramic heating element inside a rugged steel cylinder with high-impact plastic ends and a carry handle. Top-mounted controls for heat level and fan speed are easy to reach, and indicator lights for power and heat make it easy to see what’s going on. The adjustable steel tube stand was sturdy and stable.
It was 34 degrees outside and 45 degrees on the porch when we turned on the Comfort Zone. Heat ramped up quickly. The little blue barrel brought the inside temperature up to 65 degrees in one hour and measured around 200 degrees at the outlet.
Best Heavy-Duty 1500w Electric Heater: Mr. Heater Portable Forced Air Electric
If you need an electric heater for a small garage or workshop, this is your best bet. With an all-steel housing and adjustable steel tube stand, the Mr. Heater portable forced air electric convection heater was the biggest and toughest of the bunch.
It was 33 degrees outside and 45 degrees on the porch when we turned on Mr. Heater. The larger barrel diameter and quiet low-speed fan make it seem like there’s not much heat flowing from the outlet, but it’s there all the same.
The all-steel bruiser brought the inside temperature up to 64 degrees in one hour and measured around 200 degrees at the outlet. Mr. Heater also makes a more powerful 3.6 kW version that runs on 240V.
Best Compact 1500w Electric Heater: Multifun Portable Ceramic Heater
The smallest electric heater belted out heat that belied its size. Multifun wrapped up its 1500-watt ceramic heating element and fan in a steel housing with a carry handle. Rear-mounted controls were hard to see from the top, but the large toggle power switch and rotary heat control knob were tactile enough to operate out of sight. The front foot required some assembly with a few included screws and set the heater outlet back at an angle.
It was 34 degrees outside and 45 degrees on the porch when we turned on the Multifun. Heat ramped up immediately with a focused blast that brought the inside porch temperature to 65 degrees within the hour, with a 200-degree output temperature. For a small package, the Multifun packed a surprisingly effective punch of heat.
Featured Brands and More Heaters
What heats the Science Barn may or may not work for your garage, and while running an electric heater through a New England winter would lead to our financial ruin, a permanently installed or portable electric setup could be the best for you. Check out our featured manufacturer’s product lineups for a wide range of garage heater options. If it makes heat, they most likely make it.
With a heritage of innovation and quality that stretches back to 1872, Mr. Heater manufactures an extensive lineup of portable and permanent heaters for year-round indoor and outdoor comfort. The company is based in Cleveland, Ohio, and carries on the naming tradition of its fellow famous forest city brands Mr. Coffee and Mr. Gasket. From garages to golf carts. Mr. Heater is here to help.
Dyna-Glo manufactures an extensive line of consumer and commercial heaters for many applications. From portable forced air kerosene powerhouses to the direct warmth of wall mount radiant units, Dyna-Glo has a heater that can get the job done. The company also makes a range of gas, electric, natural and dual-fuel grills and smokers for the warmer months.
Master Climate Solutions is a division of the Dantherm group and manufactures permanent and portable heating and cooling solutions. The company’s mission is to create the best climate for work. Master makes heaters for everything from large commercial shops to one-car garages in a range of forced air torpedo heaters and radiant infrared units to electric fan heaters.
Garage Heater Tips
- Safety First: Never leave portable garage heaters unattended, and don’t cut corners on safety. Carbon monoxide is an odorless and invisible killer. Turn off combustion garage heaters before using flammable solvents such as non-chlorinated brake cleaners.
- Insulate Yourself: If garage insulation isn’t in your budget, investing in thermal underpants, insulated coveralls, mechanics gloves, and a winter hat can deliver excellent short term comfort and reduce garage heating costs.
Q: How many BTUs do I need to heat my garage?
Anywhere from 30-60 BTU per square foot depending on insulation level and climate zone. Total cubic feet, location, temperature rise, building type, material, and insulation are essential factors in calculating the required BTU. See our more detailed explanation above for an in-depth look at how to calculate BTU per cubic foot of garage space. Add 10 percent for far northern climate zones.
Q: Are outdoor heaters safe to use inside?
If you have to ask, then “No” is the best and safest answer. If your garage is more barn or lean-to than garage, then maybe — but follow local fire codes and take every possible safety precaution. Any form of combustion creates carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide. Always install carbon monoxide, smoke detectors, and automotive approved fire extinguishers before using any type of combustion garage heaters.
Q: Can I use diesel or heating oil instead of K1 Kerosene?
It depends on the garage heater. Some forced-air torpedo heaters have multi-fuel capability but may require adjustment and tuning for the best possible efficiency. Low-sulfur diesel fuel and heating oil are essentially the same, but K1 kerosene is best for wick heaters. Do not use K2, diesel, or heating oil in wick heaters.
Q: Will a heater work in an uninsulated garage?
It will definitely work a lot harder — but it probably won’t succeed. Uninsulated garages will require adding a lot more fuel to the fire. Factor insulation levels and building material R-values into your BTU calculations. Seal up as many drafts as you can and add more than a few BTU cushion to your temperature and cost calculations in colder climates.
Choosing the absolute best garage heater depends on a reasonably accurate calculation of the required BTU, the ideal type of heater for your garage’s size and layout, fuel costs and availability, climate zone, and what’s in the budget.